Instructor Exam Knowledge Development Teaching Presentation

PADI IDC Course Guide
IDC Classroom Presentations
dive theory class presentations

Initially you teach a ‘topic' which we call micro-teaching then you progress to prescriptive teaching (using the PADI prescriptive Lesson Guides) Microteaching Example of a ‘micro teach' on ‘Staying Warm', that if delivered interestingly and confidently will score an overall 5 in the classroom.

When you put your lesson together, don't write a script.  You will lose points if you read something parrot fashion, rather write yourself bullet points and enlarge on them.  This has been written this way in order to show how the lesson would proceed.
Involve your students by getting them to read the whiteboard and asking questions, you will have to ask some to score the points, but don't just leave it at the minimum.
It's important that you don't ‘over teach' a subject.  In other words don't teach to Divemaster standard on your Open Water course.  Just teach what's in the manual.
Avoid teaching negative points, e.g.  “If you don't do this you will die.”  “Take note of what I am saying otherwise you will end up in hospital.” If you have to teach a negative fact turn it around.  e.g.  “Holding your breath while ascending will not do anyone any good however it's easy to avoid the problem, just keep breathing.”
This lesson should take roughly 10 mins. to deliver (less is more, don't waffle)
This lesson assumes that the instructor already knows the group and that Confined Water Module 1 has been completed.  The dive centre is located close to the dive site which is a local beach .
This is not the only way to deliver this or any lesson, it is just one way and is shown as an example only.
All instructional points made are in italics, these are guidance and pointers for the instructor only.
The lesson has been put together using the PADI system.
The first page is a Summary of the Knowledge Development Lesson Plan.  I have added this so that you can see what points need to be hit during your lesson.

Summary of the Knowledge Development Lesson Plan


(Story, tied to a diving situation, relevant to the subject and their level of training, including a local dive site).
(Review each Keypoint – The subject headings)
“By the end of this lesson you will be able to correctly ___________ “

(Why they need to know this related to actual diving circumstances and their current level
from Instructor manual, O/W manual, or make it up)

Open your manuals at page XXX.
Take Notes – Underline important points as we go.
Ask Questions as we go.
If I'm going to fast tell me”.

Diving Story
Local Dive Site Reference
Continuing – education (be specific)
Promoted ownership of related dive equipment, or Dive travel experience
Visual aid 1 using PADI educational material or dive equipment
Visual aid 2 using PADI educational material or dive equipment
Use an appropriate non-diving aid that benefited learning
Frequently (more than 3 times) ask questions of the students
Any reference to other Classroom Modules (be specific)
one       Reference O / W  Video(s) or seen in the manual
of         Reference to Confined Water sessions (be specific)
these    Reference to Open Water sessions (be specific)

State measurable objectives:
(Bullet points from Instructors Manual -  Integrate as appropriate)

Keypoints:        (Keypoints from slide)
“We have now looked at .  .  .”
Objectives:       (Objective(s) from manual / Main Body)
“So you are now able to explain .  .  .”

Value:              (From Introduction)
When and How:           (e.g.  Classroom – Confined water – Open water – After qualifying)

In what skill:                           
Con – Education:
Dive Equipment Ownership or Dive Travel Experience:
Questions ?

Staying Warm
Do you remember when you were a child and you woke up one morning and found that not only did you not have to go to school that day, but it had been snowing!  The only thing you could think of was getting out of bed, put on your boots, your woolly gloves and whatever coat you could find and go out and have fun and make the world's biggest snowman.  Did you still think it was fun after a while when your gloves became soaking wet and your hands became frozen, snow had managed to get inside your boots and your toes were stinging? No, it ceased to be fun.  Why? Because you were cold.  There was only one solution; go and seek warmth.
The same is true in diving.   If you are cold in the water next week when we do our Open Water dive 1 just off the beach here, your thoughts will turn to warm drinks and dry clothes....  Not having fun diving.  
Module 2 overview slide
By the end of this lesson you will be able to explain about staying warm.  When we go diving next weekend in the sea just down the road you may find the water is not as warm as it was a month or so ago.
Therefore, it's important for us to know how to stay warm and keep the ‘fun in' and the ‘cold out' of our dives. Being cold can offer a health threat, it's important to know what suits and accessories to wear when we go diving. 
If you would like to take notes as we go or ask questions please do.  If I am going too fast, tell me. 

State measurable objectives.
Module 2 Staying Warm 1st slide  Visual Aid 1- PADI Educational material
How can you stay warm under water?
What should you do if you begin shivering continuously?

Let's first look at the general types of exposure suits available to us.  
Some of you are going to do alot of diving here in the Gulf of Mexico throughout the year, which is a fantastic place to go diving.  The first thing you will notice is the temperature of the of the Gulf varies drastically and temperatures ranging from upper sixties to mid seventies.
In the late summer you may find temperatures in the eighties.    Not that different to the pool where we did Confined Water Session 1.
Reference to Confined Water Session 1

Question 1
What sort of suit were we using in the pool?
Answer …”3 mm full”

Yes, 3 mm full, and that you will find will be quite sufficient when you are diving in here.  In the late summer some of you may even find that too much, You could consider a full lycra suit, this will not offer any thermal protection, but should you accidentally brush against some corral it will give you some protection against the odd sting.
Amplify the answer and use the correct terminology also ensure the whole class can hear the answer.
Diving Story
I remember a couple of years ago I was diving in Thailand and apart from seeing a fantastic array of fish life and corals the water temperature was eighty plus degrees and fantastic visibility.   I didn't realise just how warm I was getting with so much to look at.  Fortunately I was able to unzip the front of my shortie wetsuit to allow water to flush through and cool me down. 
You'll have noticed when we dived last week in the pool we were all wearing wetsuits some of you had zips at the back of the suit and some of you had zips at the front.  When you go to the Thailand if you intend to use the local dive shops hire equipment you won't know which type of wet suit you will get.  That's just one good reason why before you go you should consider getting your own wet suit.   It always makes you feel that much more comfortable and confident when you are wearing your own equipment.  Apart from the fact you can choose one that fits well and suits your type of diving.     
Promoted ownership of related dive equipment
Later when we go down to the shop I will happy to show you a range of inexpensive shortie wetsuits that will suit the diving you will be doing.
When we do our Open Water dive 1 next weekend just off the beach here.

Question 2
What sort of wet suit do you think we will be using bearing in mind that the local water temperature will be approximately sixty-six degrees.
Local dive site reference an Open Water Session
Answer  “A thicker full wetsuit”
Yes, we will be wearing a 5mm full wet suit.
Amplify the answer and use the correct terminology also ensure the whole class can hear the answer.

Visual Aid 2 - Using a piece of dive equipment
Here is an example of the very wetsuit we will be wearing. 
Firstly you will notice that it has full length arms and legs also the neoprene it's made from is twice as thick as the shortie giving greater thermal protection.  Its normal for a wet suit to allow water in which the body heats up, so a good fit is necessary if it's too lose the water will be flushing through and taking all your body heat with it.  If it's too tight it will be very uncomfortable and restrictive.  So you can see it's important to get the correct fit.  There are semi dry suits, essentially the same as a wet suit, but allowing less water to enter due to the seals on the ankles and cuffs, these again will keep you a little warmer.
Now I know some of you have expressed an interest in diving through the winter in this country.

Question 3
What type of suit should we be considering for winter dives in this country?
Answer  “Dry suit”
Yes, drysuit.  As the name implies a dry suit will keep you dry.   It achieves this by having neck and wrist rubber seals that keep the water out also the boots are built in and form part of the suit.   However, depending upon the temperature of the water you are going to dive in you may need to wear additional thermal protection underneath the suit.  For those of you who want to wear a dry suit at any time or who want to dive in the winter, additional training will be necessary in order to cover the safety aspects of using a drysuit.   In three weeks time I will be running a course from here.  If you would like to discuss the details of the course further or book yourself in, when we break for coffee later I will be happy to discuss the details with you. 
Amplify the answer and use the correct terminology also ensure the whole class can hear the answer.
Continuing Education – Dry Suit Course
In addition to the suits there are one or two other pieces of equipment we should consider using. 

Question 4
Where do we loose most of our body heat?
Answer “Through the head.”
Amplify the answer and use the correct terminology also ensure the whole class can hear the answer.
Through the head.  Therefore if we can keep our heads warm, it will help us stay warmer.  You may want to wear a hood next week on our Open Water dive 1.   Here is an example of the hood you could wear.

Question 5
What else can we wear to help us remain comfortable and help us enjoy our dives? Particularly when diving in cooler waters?
Answer  “Gloves.”
Amplify the answer and use the correct terminology also ensure the whole class can hear the answer, a little praise goes a long way.
Good, well done, Gloves.  There are essentially two types of gloves, and they are wet gloves and you guessed it Dry gloves.  Again I have brought some examples of both along. 
Visual Aid 2 - Using a piece of dive equipment
Although we have already had a 2nd Visual Aid it does no harm to use more as Visual aids help understanding
I have two more things to show you.  One is this very stylish flip flop and the other is this trainer. 
An appropriate non-diving aid that benefited learning

Question 6
If you were going to watch a professional athlete go running which would he be most likely to wear? 
Answer “The trainer”
Amplify the answer and use the correct terminology also ensure the whole class can hear the answer.
That's right, the trainer.  You can clearly see that the properly designed equipment is going to be safer and more efficient, and it's true for diving that using the correct suit for the given diving condition will make the dive more enjoyable and safer.

Module 2 Staying Warm 2nd slide Visual Aid 1  PADI Educational material
So having given consideration to the best equipment to wear for the dives we are doing what should you do if you begin shivering continuously?
Answer “Stop the dive.”
Amplify the answer and use the correct terminology also ensure the whole class can hear the answer.
Yes we must stop the dive.  Remember that continuous shivering is your body's way of warning you that you are loosing too much body heat.   If you fail to take the necessary action, Hypothermia could become a problem.   However, it is easy to avoid.   Should you start shivering continuously during your dive, you and your buddy should make a normal ascent and discontinue the dive, seek warmth and dry clothes.


So you are now able to explain how to stay warm under water and what you should do if you begin to shiver continuously. 
It's important for us to know how to stay warm and keep the fun in and the cold out of our dives.  Being cold can offer a health threat, its important to know what suits to use when we go diving.  
Now you can see how important it is for us to know how to stay warm so that we enjoy our dives.
When and How
We will use what we have learnt today next week when we select the suits that we shall be wearing on our first Open Water dive.    
In what skill
In fact every time we go diving we will have to select the right suit so this skill will be used every time.
Continuing Education
Remember those of you wanting to do winter dives or those who just want to know about using the dry suit the Dry Suit Course will be running in 3 weeks time, please come and see me and I can run through what we will be doing. 
Dive Equipment and Ownership
Also those going to the Caribbean and needing shortie wet suits or those of you just wanting to start putting together your own equipment, we will look at a selection of those for you to consider when we are down in the shop later.  
Are there any Questions.
Prescriptive Teaching
Throughout your IDC you will be expected to conduct classroom presentations.  This is part of the prescriptive  teaching process because you only need explain areas that students are not already familiar with and there will be PADI PowerPoint slideshow presentations, called lesson guides, available to assist you in each of your presentations.

Now watch this 

Bryan Eslava
PADI Course Director
Cell: 251-979-8459